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Leo Smits. An important question is whether Jesus in the Gospel of John is described as the last Adam or the new Adam. He says: ' …, The suggested fresh meaning introduced by a link to Gen.

ISBN 13: 9780521663069

Jesus is clearly portrayed as existing apart from creation On the other hand, he is never explicitly or even implicitly portrayed as 'Adam' or 'new Adam'. The question why Carlos R. Sosa Siliezar has not noticed this is, because he just looked at comparable Greek words between the Gospel of John and Genesis But he neglected an important aspect, namely to look in the light of the Old Testament and the Jewish background how, in the Second Temple period, they looked at Adam.

From this point of view is much to learn and to say about what the evangelist has to say about Jesus. These keywords are glory and sonship. In other words, God, the Creator Himself, has come to live among the people John and the disciples His have seen his glory. But the writer seems to say more about this glory, because this glory is also as of the Only Begotten of the Father.

Further on in the chapter, He is described as the Only Begotten Son v. What relationship is there between the glory of the Only Begotten Son in relation to the first Adam? Could it be that the writer wanted to make clear that, beside that the Word has come in the world as re Creator, He also has come as the last one Adam or new Adam? Imagery in the Gospel of John p. Creation: A Biblical Vision for the Environment p. In Psalm the Psalmist says that God made the man little less than the angels and that he the man is crowned with glory and honor.

The literal translation of Ecclesiastes b is 'the wisdom of Adam let the face shine. In Ezekiel 1 Ezekiel gets visions and in one of those visions he sees on a throne something that look like a man v. In Hebrew the phrase 'a likeness as the appearance of a man' can translate with 'alikeness as the appearance of Adam' and the phrase 'in the appearance of the glory of YHWH' with 'in the appearance of the likeness of the glory of YHWH'.

But Ezekiel had to express this appearance. The question is whether Ezekiel was familiar with the 'mythe' of the mantle of Adam. Creation: A Biblical Vision for the Environment pp. Baker Publishing Group. Kindle Edition. Xulon Press. Carson, Red.


In the prologue to the Gospel of John, there is a connection between the light that came into the world and of which John the Baptist testified and the glory that was seen by his people. In 3 Baruch is written that the divine image is lost in the time of the fall of Adam. See: Barker, M. All Targums mentioned the 'Mantels of light'. The targum of Neofiti says, for example, that they wore cloaks of glory as skin for their flesh. It is interesting that in John Jesus, during his execution, came out with a purple top dressing mantle?

The sentence of Pilate: "Behold, the man! See more in my article 1 'The Gospel of John and the re creation of the Cosmos' page 4.

  • Ancient Armies of the Middle East (Men-at-Arms, Volume 109);
  • Conversations of Socrates.
  • The Son of Man Debate: A History and Evaluation by Delbert Burkett.
  • SonofManPaperATS;
  • Aristotle on Female Animals: A Study of the Generation of Animals (Cambridge Classical Studies).
  • There will be no more injustice and all the deeds of trickery will be a dishonour. Until now the spirits of truth and injustice feud in the heart of man:'9 In another Dead Sea-role is written: 'Those the just one who remained steadfast in it will acquire eternal life, and all the glory of Adam is for them. But from the Gospel of John, we know that this glory of Adam?

    In this article, I mainly focus on the two words Son of man and Son of God. First, because Jesus used these two terms to make himself known. Secondly, these terms were familiar within Judaism in the Second Temple period, as we will see below. It is now the question from what thought the gospel writer, Jesus himself and the other witnesses uses these terms. A well-rehearsed argument is that the term "Son of man" describes the humanity of Jesus and the 'Son of God' His divinity.

    But is this also true? Son Of Man In his book 'The Son of Man debate', gives Delbert Burkett a historical overview and evaluation on how over the centuries by various bible commentators the term "Son of Man" was interpreted. Burkett pointed out that there are very different thoughts about this term. In other words, there is no single answer to give.

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    In brackets and bold is mine. Here the thief on the cross asks to be remembered when Jesus comes into his Kingdom. The request, understood in normal Jewish terms, looks to the future. For he tells the thief that this very day he will be with Jesus in paradise. Though the reply does not use the term Kingdom, the idea of paradise is a part of that hope in Judaism. There is a sense where Jesus reveals a current, cosmic claim and dimension to the Kingdom where it comes to the issue of death.

    Christianity from Judaism to Constantine: Crash Course World History #11

    Finally stand the host of texts looking to the judgment of the end, where the Son of Man carries out the eschatological assessment of humanity. I highlight one dimension of one text, the Matthean version of the Wheat and Darnel Matt. Thus, the Kingdom in terms of realm operates at several levels at once, depending on the context. The realm in terms of its comprehensive presence looks to the future and the comprehensive establishment of peace and fellowship, after a purging judgment. This realm appears to includes hopes of old from Israel, and yet it also looks to far more, a comprehensive exercise of authority over the whole of creation, including the blessing of many from outside of Israel.

    However, there is also a sense in which we can talk about a realm in the present.

    New Studies in Biblical Theology (34 vols.)

    It is the place where he is Head. It is a basis for taking the gospel into the world. It justifies the preaching of the gospel of the authoritative Jesus to every tribe and nation. In my own view, it establishes an accountability for every person before the one true God and his chosen One, so that there is only one way to God. Responding to him brings one into this new realm, though in other contexts one can speak of entering or inheriting this Kingdom later, when it is ultimately fully realized. The exceptional text with the thief on the cross shows that ultimately what is at stake is eternal presence and fellowship with God in unending and renewed life.

    But the Kingdom is bigger than the church. Its presence now is but a precursor to a more substantial presence in the future. Jesus will redeem and judge what is being claimed now, when the authority of the Son of Man will judge humanity and bless those who sit with him at the table. Then the Kingdom will fully show itself with traits the Scripture of Israel had long promised along with features of rule Jesus himself revealed.

    In other worlds, Kingdom texts treat Israel, the church, the world and the cosmos as a whole, depending on which passage we are considering. In the gospels, one final issue remains, namely the connection between righteousness and the Kingdom, or what has been called the Kingdom and ethics. It is to this topic we now turn. In the end, the transformation associated with the in-breaking of the Kingdom is not merely an abstract exercise in theology or definition. It is designed to impact life.

    Did Jesus Exist? Searching for Evidence Beyond the Bible - Biblical Archaeology Society

    Thus, the connection between Kingdom and living or Kingdom and ethics needs attention. Those who are his have acknowledged their need for God and his provision by faith alone. As a result, they have entered into an enduring relationship to God. That relationship entails a call from God on the life of the disciple. Relationship to that rule is to be more important than family, possessions, vocation, even life itself. It is the greatness of the Kingdom that creates the totality of its call for faithfulness.

    I would wish to argue that any treatment of Kingdom that does move into this area has failed to appreciate a major goal of the Kingdom program as seen in the New Testament. This preparation highlighted a preaching a baptism of repentance, a baptism that included a concrete call for turning expressed in practice toward others Luke His work involved a call to reconciliation where people were implored to turn back to God. Included within this turning was a bringing of sons back to their fathers and the disobedient back to the wise Luke Reconciliation with God shows itself in reconciliation with others.

    Here there is a humility and dependence that is invoked. Such faith in God extends to a recognition that even daily needs are in his hands and that he will care for his own Matt.

    Faith ultimately is a humble recognition that one needs God and so moves to trust him, relying on his rule and provision.