As Mr. Armstrong pointed out, man receives information through the five senses. We can only perceive outward appearance. We can hear what a man says and see what He does. Over time we can perceive the fruits, but we cannot immediately read minds as God can. Many support ballot-box governance because they think that the ministers, having God's Spirit, will have the wisdom to know which man can work out God's purpose for the Church best if made leader.
But Samuel had God's Spirit, and he would have voted for Eliab! I mentioned Mr. Armstrong's naming of Mr. Tkach as his successor. He made the correct choice, because it was God's will to scatter the Church, but Mr. Armstrong didn't know that. He made the right decision but for the wrong reason. He thought Mr. Tkach would be faithful to teach the same doctrines Mr. Armstrong taught. He was wrong. With all the wisdom and power he had been given by God to do the work of restoring doctrine, preaching the gospel to the world, and building the Church of God, he could not discern Mr.
Tkach's mind and heart to know that Mr. Tkach was NOT well grounded in the doctrines Mr. Now, if Mr. Armstrong could be wrong about that, what chance is there that the majority of a hundred voting ministers, or five hundred, many of whom may be unconverted tares, would know better than God who would be the best leader?
When David the youngest of Jesse's sons passed before Samuel, God told Samuel that David was the one to be king and Samuel anointed him 1 Samuel But though David was anointed as king, he had yet to take that office. Saul was still king. So now David had the rank of king in God's eyes and Samuel's eyes, but he did not yet have the office. God had told Samuel David was to be king, and Samuel anointed David in the presence of his family.
But now God was to show the nation by the fruits that David was to be king. God did this through a remarkable series of events and circumstances that not only showed by fruits that God had chosen David but also put David through a series of experiences that both tested him and prepared him for being king. First, God arranged for Saul to send for David to play music to help lift Saul out of his bouts of depression brought on by a distressing spirit 1 Samuel This brought David into contact with Saul and the headquarters of the kingdom.
Then God gave David victory over Goliath in battle. This brought him to the attention of Saul and the nation as a mighty warrior 1 Samuel Saul made him an officer in the army, and God gave David wisdom in all his dealings, and people began to notice David's successes and wisdom 1 Samuel , , But this only made Saul jealous and eventually he sought to kill David because he feared him, and David had to flee from Saul.
David became a leader of a small band of men, about at first, but it grew to later 1 Samuel , 12, , , , , , During this time David had at least two opportunities to kill Saul, but he showed respect towards God's government by refusing to strike God's anointed king. He determined that he would wait for God to deal with Saul but he would not take the matter in his own hands 1 Samuel , David's actions were recorded in the Bible as a lesson for us today and an example for us to follow.
Though Saul was an unrighteous king, David respected the office and waited for God to act. Eventually Saul died in battle and the house of Judah made David king, and later the whole house of Israel recognized David as King 2 Samuel , 11, , 2 Samuel Part of the reason Israel accepted David as king after Saul was that it was David who led them in battle, and they could see from the fruits that he was successful, but also it was known to the people of Israel that God had said that David would be king 2 Samuel , 2 Samuel , 1 Samuel Who chose David to be king over Israel, and how was he chosen?
God chose him and appointed him to be king.
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How did the people of Israel know that God had appointed him to be king? They knew two ways. They knew that God had said that David would be king. Between the time that Samuel anointed David in front of his family and the time of Saul's death, and later when David was to become king of all Israel, it had become common knowledge as the statements by Abigail and Abner indicate.
They also knew by the fruits that God was with David and had blessed him with wisdom and success in his endeavors from the time David killed Goliath through all of David's battles with the Philistines. God told David through the prophet Nathan that God would set up one of David's sons to be king after him.
We see here the beginning of a succession of a line of kings, the house of David. David had many sons including his firstborn son Amnon 2 Samuel , 1 Chronicles It is apparent from this list and from the sequence of events that there were several sons who were older than Solomon and had "seniority" you could say.
There were at least six born in Hebron older than Solomon including Amnon, Absalom, and Adonijah, and there were probably at least three more born in Jerusalem older than Solomon if they are listed in order of birth.
So which of David's sons was to be king, and who decided? Who made that judgment? There was no election. The decision would not be based on who was most popular with the people. In time, Absalom killed David's firstborn son Amnon because of a grudge he had against him 2 Samuel Absalom fled into exile, but later was reconciled to his father David and the nation 2 Samuel , 2 Samuel Then Absalom plotted a revolution to seize the throne for himself by force. He knew one of David's sons would be king after him, and he wanted to be the one.
He started first with a public relations campaign to get most of the nation on his side 2 Samuel According to God's word, he succeeded. Verse 6 says that he, "stole the hearts of the men of Israel".
If there were national elections to choose one of David's sons to be king, Absalom would have won. He was the most popular of David's sons. Absalom engineered a conspiracy to make himself king 2 Samuel David and his loyal supporters had to flee Jerusalem to save their lives 2 Samuel There ensued a civil war, and Absalom led his army to attack David and his forces. But Absalom lost that war and was killed 2 Samuel It was God's will that Absalom be defeated 2 Samuel After this, Adonijah decided to be king.
He exalted himself and received help from some of the top office holders in the nation. You could say he "campaigned" to be king 1 Kings But before he could make himself king, David became aware of it, and David announced that Solomon would be king. He not only announced it, he made him king right then 1 Kings That settled the matter. How was Solomon chosen and how was the choice made known? Was this David's own judgment? God had told David that the name of his son who would be king after him would be "Solomon", and God named him before he was even born 1 Chronicles This was God's call, but David announced the appointment.
Here is a case where God made the choice, but made it known not by fruits but by announcement from one who had the authority to make the appointment: David.
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Though Solomon was wise, he did not remain faithful to God, and God decided to take ten tribes from the house of David and give them to Jeroboam 1 Kings , 1 Kings Who made the choice of Jeroboam to be king over Israel? It was clearly God who made that decision. How did God communicate that decision?
Was it through an election with the voting of the people? No, Solomon would never have permitted such an election.
Neither would Solomon's son Rehoboam. Any effort to hold an election to see if ten tribes should reject the house of David and select their own leader by balloting would have been crushed by the king. God communicated that decision to Jeroboam through a message from God's prophet, the prophet Ahijah, who met Jeroboam on the road. Until then, Jeroboam was a faithful and loyal servant of king Solomon.
Now, did others know? They must have, because after the meeting between Jeroboam and the prophet on the road, the Bible says "Solomon therefore sought to kill Jeroboam" 1 Kings The prophet knew God's pronouncement, Jeroboam knew, and Solomon knew, and it is likely others knew also. Jeroboam fled to Egypt to save his life. Then when Solomon died and the time came to make Solomon's son Rehoboam king of Israel, Jeroboam returned.
They all assembled at Shechem. At that time, Jeroboam had become de facto spokesman for the congregation of Israel in asking Rehoboam to reduce their burdens 1 Kings He had become a kind of unofficial leader or spokesman for much of Israel. How did this happen?
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The Bible doesn't say. But there is certainly no reason to assume it was by election with binding decisions made by casting ballots. Such a system simply did not exist in Israel and no king would have permitted it. If Solomon knew what the prophet said to Jeroboam on the road, word must have spread.
The prophet must have told others, or Jeroboam told others, or there were others with Jeroboam and Ahijah who witnessed what the prophet said and spread the word. Solomon knew because he tried to kill Jeroboam and Jeroboam had to flee.
By the time Solomon had died, knowledge of this thing probably was widespread. Jeroboam himself may have taken certain actions in rebellion against the king 1 Kings So it would be natural for the people to look to Jeroboam for leadership, particularly since he was known to be a capable man 1 Kings The ten tribes of Israel rejected Rehoboam as king 1 Kings Then the ten tribes of Israel made Jeroboam king over them 1 Kings This whole series of events was arranged and orchestrated by God to fulfill the prophecy he gave through the prophet Ahijah 1 Kings How did Israel make Jeroboam king?
Was it by voting? There is no record of that. In any case, God has not shown us accounts of voting in the Bible as examples for us to follow, and He doesn't give us an example of voting here. Jeroboam was chosen by God to be king over the ten tribes of Israel as a judgment against the house of David for Solomon's sin.
God announced through his prophet His decision and He arranged events to bring it to pass.